If you've published an article describing a MouseTracker study, please get in touch if you'd like it added to the list.

Methodological papers (e.g., reviewing, describing, or validating MouseTracker)

Mathur, M. B., & Reichling, D. (2018). Open-source software for mouse-tracking in Qualtrics to measure category competition.

Kieslich, P. J., Henninger, F., Wulff, D. U., Haslbeck, J. M. B., & Schulte-Mecklenbeck, M. (2018). Mouse-tracking: A practical guide to implementation and analysis. A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods.

Little, P. & Firestone, C. (2018). Doing Physics by Eye and by Hand: Mouse Tracking Reveals Reflexive Visual Processing of Physical Scenes. Journal of Vision, 18 (10).

Wulff, D.U., Haslbeck, J. M. B., Kieslich, P. J., Henninger, F. & Schulte-Mecklenbeck, M. (2018). Mouse-tracking : Detecting types in movement trajectories.

Zhang, C., Willemsen, M., & Lakens, D. (2018). Can Mouse-tracking Reveal Attribute Processing Speeds in Dietary Self-control?. Commentary on Sullivan et al. (2015) and Lim et al. (2018) with New Data.

Stillman, P. E., Shen, X., & Ferguson, M. J. (2018). How Mouse-tracking Can Advance Social Cognitive Theory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Freeman, J.B. (2018). Doing psychological science by handCurrent Directions in Psychological Science.

Zgonnikov, A., Aleni, A., Piiroinen, P. T., O'Hora, D., & di Bernardo, M. (2017). Decision landscapes: visualizing mouse-tracking data. Royal Society Open Science4(11), 170482.

Scherbaum, S., & Kieslich, P. J. (2017). Stuck at the starting line: How the starting procedure influences mouse-tracking data. Behavior Research Methods, 1-14.

Calcagnì, A., Lombardi, L., & Sulpizio, S. (2017). Analyzing spatial data from mouse tracker methodology: An entropic approachBehavior Research Methods, 1-19.

Hehman, E., Stolier, R.M., & Freeman, J.B. (2015). Advanced mouse-tracking analytic techniques for enhancing psychological scienceGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations [special issue on Statistical and Methodological Advances].

Freeman, J.B. & Dale, R. (2013). Assessing bimodality to detect the presence of a dual cognitive process. Behavior Research Methods.

Freeman, J.B., Dale, R., & Farmer, T.A. (2011). Hand in motion reveals mind in motionFrontiers in Psychology, 2, 59.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2010). MouseTracker: Software for studying real-time mental processing using a computer mouse-tracking methodBehavior Research Methods, 42, 226-241.

Research articles that have used MouseTracker

Grey, S. & Tagarelli, M. K. (2018). Psycholinguistic Methods. In: Phakiti A., De Costa P., Plonsky L., Starfield S. (eds). The Palgrave Handbook of Applied Linguistics Research Methodology (pp. 287 - 312). Palgrave Macmillan, London: Palgrace Handbooks.

Kerstin, F., Roland, P. & Gesine, D. (2018). Increasing reward prospect promotes cognitive flexibility: Direct evidence from voluntary task switching with double registration. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Incera, S., McLenan, T. C., Stronsick, M. L., & Zetzer, E. E. (2018). Is tuba masculine or feminine? The timing of grammatical gender. Mind Lang. 1-14.

Roettger, T. B., & Franke, M. (2018). Evidential strength of intonational cues and rational adaptation to (un-)reliable intonation. PsyArXiv.

Werner, K. M., & Milyavskaya, M. (2018). Motivation and self-regulation: The role of want-to motivation in the processes underlying self-regulation and self-control. Social and Personality Psychology Compass.

Michaloudis, A., Molohidis, A. & Hatzikraniotis, E. (2018). Tracing Students’ Actions in Inquiry-Based Simulations. Research on e-Learning and ICT in Education, 293-313.

Dieciuc, M. & Boot, W. (2018). Capturing the Response Dynamics of Attention Capture with Mouse-Tracking. Journal of Vision, 18 (10).

Incera, S. (2018). Measuring the Timing of the Bilingual Advantage. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 , 1983.

Rheem, H., Verma, V., & Becker, D.V. (2018). Use of Mouse-tracking Method to Measure Cognitive Load. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting , 62, 1982-1986.

Stoltmann, K., Fuchs, S., & Krifka, M. (2018). The Influence of Animacy and Spatial Relation Complexity on the Choice of Frame of Reference in German. Spatial Cognition 2018, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 11034, 119-133.

Cheng, J., & González-Vallejo, C. (2018). Unpacking decision difficulty: Testing action dynamics in Intertemporal, gamble, and consumer choices. Acta Psychologica190, 199-216.

Ward, R., & Kelty-Stephen, D. (2018). Bringing the nonlinearity of the movement system to gestural theories of language use: Multifractal structure of spoken English supports the compensation for coarticulation in human speech perceptionFrontiers in Physiology9, 1152.

Brooks, J.A., & Freeman, J.B (2018). Conceptual knowledge predicts the representational structure of facial emotion perception. Nature Human Behavior, 2, 581–591.

Salmeron-Majadas, S., Baker, R. S., Santos, O. C., & Boticario, J. G. (2018). A Machine Learning Approach to Leverage Individual Keyboard and Mouse Interaction Behavior from Multiple Users in Real-World Learning Scenarios. IEEE Access.

Wu, P., Gu, J., & Lu, T. (2018, July). Don’t Lie to Me: Tracking Eye Movement and Mouse Trajectory to Detect Deception in Sharing Economy. In International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (pp. 377-381). Springer, Cham.

Bundt, C., Ruitenberg, M. F., Abrahamse, E. L., & Notebaert, W. (2018). Early and late indications of item-specific control in a Stroop mouse tracking studyPloS one13(5), e0197278.

Monaro, M., Toncini, A., Ferracuti, S., Tessari, G., Vaccaro, M. G., De Fazio, P., ... & Sartori, G. (2018). The Detection of Malingering: A New Tool to Identify Made-Up DepressionFrontiers in Psychiatry9.

Calluso, C., Saulin, A., Baumgartner, T., & Knoch, D. (2018). Distinct patterns of cognitive conflict dynamics in promise keepers and promise breakers. Frontiers in Psychology9, 939.

Lopez, R. B., Stillman, P. E., Heatherton, T. F., & Freeman, J. B. (2018). Minding one's reach (to eat): The promise of computer mouse-tracking to study self-regulation of eatingFrontiers in nutrition5.

Buttlar, B., & Walther, E. (2018). Measuring the meat paradox: How ambivalence towards meat influences moral disengagement. Appetite.

Brambilla, M., Biella, M., & Freeman, J. B. (2018). The influence of visual context on the evaluation of facial trustworthinessJournal of Experimental Social Psychology78, 34-42.

Cassidy, B. S., Boucher, K. L., Lanie, S. T., & Krendl, A. C. (2018). Age Effects on Trustworthiness Activation and Trust Biases in Face PerceptionThe Journals of Gerontology: Series B.

Zybatow, T., & Weskott, T. (2018). Das Doppelperfekt: Theorie und Empirie. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft37(1), 83-124.

Gill, M. J., & Ungson, N. D. (2018). How much blame does he truly deserve? Historicist narratives engender uncertainty about blameworthiness, facilitating motivated cognition in moral judgment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology77, 11-23.

Krueger, B. I., Storkel, H. L., & Minai, U. (2017). The Influence of Misarticulations on Children's Word Identification and Processing. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.

Erb, C. D. (2018). The developing mind in action: measuring manual dynamics in childhood. Journal of Cognition and Development.

Crossley, S., Duran, N. D., Kim, Y., Lester, T., & Clark, S. (2018). The action dynamics of native and non-native speakers of English in processing active and passive sentences. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism.

Pezzulo, G., Iodice, P., Barca, L., Chausse, P., Monceau, S., & Mermillod, M. (2018). Increased heart rate after exercise facilitates the processing of fearful but not disgusted faces. Scientific reports8(1), 398.

Lim, S. L., Penrod, M. T., Ha, O. R., Bruce, J. M., & Bruce, A. S. (2018). Calorie Labeling Promotes Dietary Self-Control by Shifting the Temporal Dynamics of Health-and Taste-Attribute Integration in Overweight Individuals. Psychological science, 0956797617737871.

Wang, Q., Taylor, H. A., & Brunyé, T. T. (2018). Action compatibility in spatial knowledge developed through virtual navigation. Psychological research, 1-15.

Monaro, M., Fugazza F.I., Gamberini, L. & Sartori, G. (2017). How Human-Mouse Interaction can Accurately Detect Faked Responses About Identity. Springer, Cham, 9961, 115-124.

Stieger, S., Lewetz, D., & Reips, U. D. (2017). Can smartphones be used to bring computer-based tasks from the lab to the field? A mobile experience-sampling method study about the pace of life. Behavior research methods, 1-9.

Hermens, F. (2018). When do arrows start to compete? A developmental mouse-tracking study. Acta psychologica182, 177-188.

Ke, A. H., Epstein, S. D., Lewis, R., & Pires, A. (2017). The quantificational domain of dou: An experimental study. Journal of psycholinguistic research, 1-20.

Viswanathan, N., & Kelty-Stephen, D. G. (2017). Comparing speech and nonspeech context effects across timescales in coarticulatory contexts. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1-9.

Li, H., & Wang, F. (2017). Real-time measurement of wise personality cognition: Evidence from mouse tracking. Current Psychology, 1-15.

Yamauchi, T., & Xiao, K. (2017). Reading Emotion From Mouse Cursor Motions: Affective Computing ApproachCognitive Science.

Brown, C. C., Raio, C. M., & Neta, M. (2017). Cortisol responses enhance negative valence perception for ambiguous facial expressions. Scientific Reports7(1), 15107.

Stronsick, L. M., Tuft, S. E., Incera, S., & McLennan, C. T. (2017). Masculine harps and feminine horns: Timbre and pitch level influence gender ratings of musical instruments. Psychology of Music, 0305735617734629.

Wiese, E., Metta, G., & Wykowska, A. (2017). Robots as Intentional Agents: Using neuroscientific methods to make robots appear more social. Frontiers in Psychology8, 1663.

Zhang, K., Zhang, Q., Zhou, J., & Wang, P. (2017). The interactions between multiple social subcategories in facial recognition. Advances in Psychological Science25(11), 1955-1963.

Weis, P. P., & Wiese, E. (2017). Cognitive conflict as possible origin of the uncanny valley. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61, 1599-1603.

Iodice, P., Calluso, C., Barca, L., Bertollo, M., Ripari, P., & Pezzulo, G. (2017). Fatigue increases the perception of future effort during decision making. Psychology of Sport and Exercise.

Krpan, D. (2017). Behavioral priming 2.0: enter a dynamical systems perspective. Frontiers in Psychology8, 1204.

Ruitenberg, M. F., Abrahamse, E. L., Santens, P., & Notebaert, W. (2017). The effect of dopaminergic medication on conflict adaptation in Parkinson's diseaseJournal of Neuropsychology.

Tomlinson Jr, J. M., Gotzner, N., & Bott, L. (2017). Intonation and Pragmatic Enrichment: How Intonation Constrains Ad Hoc Scalar Inferences. Language and Speech60(2), 200-223.

Xiao, K., & Yamauchi, T. (2017). The role of attention in subliminal semantic processing: A mouse tracking study. PLoS One12(6).

Schneider, I. K., & Schwarz, N. (2017). Mixed feelings: the case of ambivalence. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences15, 39-45.

Monaro, M., Gamberini, L., & Sartori, G. (2017). The detection of faked identity using unexpected questions and mouse dynamics. PLoS One12(5), e0177851.

Stolier, R. M., & Freeman, J. B. (2017). A neural mechanism of social categorizationJournal of Neuroscience, 3334-16.

Barca, L., Pezzulo, G., Ouellet, M., & Ferrand, L. (2017). Dynamic lexical decisions in French: Evidence for a feedback inconsistency effect. Acta psychologica180, 23-32.

Warren, P. (2017). The interpretation of prosodic variability in the context of accompanying sociophonetic cues. Laboratory Phonology: Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology8(1).

Incera, S., & McLennan, C. T. (2017). Bilingualism and age are continuous variables that influence executive function. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 1-21.

Krendl, A. C., & Cassidy, B. S. (2017). Looking the Part (to Me): Effects of Racial Prototypicality on Race Perception Vary by Prejudice. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Davis, S. W., & Haws, K. L. (2017). Don’t sweat the big stuff: Emphasizing importance hinders goal pursuit for consumers low in dispositional self-control resources. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, 2(1).

Incera, S., Shah, A. P., McLennan, C. T., & Wetzel, M. T. (2017). Sentence context influences the subjective perception of foreign accents. Acta Psychologica, (172), 71-76.

Harper, C. A., Bartels, R. M., & Hogue, T. E. (2017). Reducing stigma and punitive attitudes toward pedophiles through narrative humanization. Sexual abuse: A journal of research and treatment.

Lazerus, T., Ingbretsen, Z. A., Stolier, R. M., Freeman, J. B., & Cikara, M. (2016). Positivity bias in judging ingroup members’ emotional expressionsEmotion, 16(8).

Capellini, R., Sacchi, S., Ricciardelli, P., & Actis-Grosso, R. (2016). Social threat and motor resonance: When a menacing outgroup delays motor responseFrontiers in Psychology, 7.

Du, J., Kade, D., Gerdtman, C., Özcan, O., & Lindén, M. (2016). The effects of perceived USB-delay for sensor and embedded system development. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2492-2495.

Ruitenberg, M. F., Duthoo, W., Santens, P., Seidler, R. D., Notebaert, W., & Abrahamse, E. L. (2016). Sequence learning in Parkinson's disease: Focusing on action dynamics and the role of dopaminergic medication. Neuropsychologia, 30-39.

Neta, M., & Tong, T. T. (2016). Don’t like what you see? Give it time: Longer reaction times associated with increased positive affect. Emotion16(5), 730.

Quétard, B., Quinton, J. C., Mermillod, M., Barca, L., Pezzulo, G., Colomb, M., & Izaute, M. (2016). Differential effects of visual uncertainty and contextual guidance on perceptual decisions: Evidence from eye and mouse tracking in visual search. Journal of Vision, 16(11).

Smeding, A., Quinton, J. C., Lauer, K., Barca, L., & Pezzulo, G. (2016). Tracking and simulating dynamics of implicit stereotypes: A situated social cognition perspective. Journal of personality and social psychology, 111(6).

Monaro, M., Gamberini, L., & Sartori, G. (2016). Identity verification using a kinematic memory detection technique. Advances in Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering, 123-132.

Miyazaki, Y., Atsumi, N., Zushi, M., & Norizuki, K. (2016). Detecting learners' hesitation in solving word-reordering problems with machine learning for classification. EdMedia: World Conference on Educational Media and Technology, 1638-1646.

Ha, O. R., Bruce, A. S., Pruitt, S. W., Smith, T. R., Burkart, D., Cherry, J. B. C., ... & Lim, S. L. (2016). Healthy eating decisions require efficient dietary self-control in children: A mouse-tracking food decision study. Appetite.

Faulkenberry, T. J. (2016). Testing a direct mapping versus competition account of response dynamics in number comparison. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1-18.

Stolier, R. M. & Freeman, J. B. (2016). Neural pattern similarity reveals the inherent intersection of social categories. Nature Neuroscience.

Triberti, S., Repetto, C., Costantini, M., Riva, G., & Sinigaglia, C. (in press). Press to grasp: how action dynamics shape object categorization. Experimental Brain Research, 1-8.

Carraro, L., Castelli, L. & Negri, P. (2016). The hand in motion of liberals and conservatives reveals the differential processing of positive and negative information. Acta Psychologica.

Hermens, F., Bindemann, M., & Burton, A. M. (2016). Responding to social and symbolic extrafoveal cues: cue shape trumps biological relevance. Psychological research, 1-19.

Freeman, J. B., Pauker, K., & Sanchez, D. T. (2016). A perceptual pathway to bias: Interracial exposure reduces abrupt shifts in real-time race perception that predict mixed-race biasPsychological Science.

Faulkenberry, T. J., Cruise, A., Lavro, D., & Shaki, S. (2016). Response trajectories capture the continuous dynamics of the size-congruity effect.  Acta Psychologica, 163, 114-123.

Barca, L., Benedetti, F., Pezzulo, G. (2015). The effects of phonological similarity on the semantic categorization of pictorial and lexical stimuli: evidence from continuous behavioral measures. Journal of Cognitive Psychology.

Gillebaart, M., Schneider, I. K., De Ridder, D. T. D. (2015). Effects of Trait Self-Control on Response Conflict about Healthy and Unhealthy Food. Journal of Personality.

Quétard, B., Quinton, J. C., Colomb, M., Pezzulo, G., Barca, L., Izaute, M., & Mermillod, M. (2015). Combined effects of expectations and visual uncertainty upon detection and identification of a target in the fog. Cognitive Processing, 1-6.

Sulpizio, S., Fasoli, F., Maass, A., Paladino, M. P., Vespignani, F., Eyssel, F., & Bentler, D. (2015). The Sound of Voice: Voice-Based Categorization of Speakers’ Sexual Orientation within and across Languages. PLoS ONE, 10, e0128882.

Schneider, I. K., Van Harreveld, F., Rotteveel, M., Topolinski, S., van der Pligt, J., Schwarz, N., & Koole, S. L. (2015). The path of ambivalence: Tracing the pull of opposing evaluations using mouse trajectories. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 996.

Faulkenberry, T. J., Montgomery, S. A., & Tennes, S. N. (2015). Response trajectories reveal the temporal dynamics of fraction representations. Acta Psychologica.

Incera, S. & McLennan, C. T. (2015). Mouse tracking reveals that bilinguals behave like experts. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.

Lepora, N. F. & Pezzulo, G. (2015). Embodied choice: How action influences perceptual decision making. PLoS Computational Biology.

Calluso, C., Tosoni, A., Pezzulo, G., Spadone, S. & Committeri, G. (2015). Interindividual variability in functional connectivity as long-term correlate of temporal discounting. PLoS ONE.

Barca, L. & Pezzulo, G. (2015). Tracking second thoughts: Continuous and discrete revision processes during visual lexical decision. PLoS ONE.

Ambrosini, E., Pezzulo, G., & Costantini, M. (2015). The eye in hand: Predicting others' behavior by integrating multiple sources of information. Journal of Neurophysiology.

Blazej L.J., Cohen-Goldberg A.M. (2014). Can We Hear Morphological Complexity Before Words Are Complex? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance.

Abney, D. H., McBride, D. M., Conte, A. M., & Vinson, D. W. (2014). Response dynamics in prospective memoryPsychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Leitner, J. B., Hehman, E., Deegan, M. P., Jones, J. M. (2014). Adaptive disengagement buffers self-esteem from negative social feedbackPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Hehman, E., Ingbretsen, Z. A., & Freeman, J. B. (2014). The neural basis of stereotypic impact on multiple social categorizationNeuroImage.

Hehman, E., Carpinella, C. M., Johnson, K. L., Leitner, J. B., & Freeman, J. B. (2014). Early processing of gendered facial cues predicts the electoral success of female politiciansSocial Psychological and Personality Science.

Rule, N. O., Tskhay, T., Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2014). On the interactive influence of facial appearance and explicit knowledge in social categorization. European Journal of Social Psychology.

Marghetis, T., Nunez, R., & Bergen, B. K. (2014). Doing arithmetic by hand: Hand movements during exact arithmetic reveal systematic, dynamic spatial processing. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Chong, Y. W., Kee, Y. H, & Chaturvedi, I. (2014). Effects of brief mindfulness induction on weakening habits: Evidence from a computer mouse control task. Mindfulness.

Faulkenberry, T. J. (2013). Hand movements reflect competitive processing in numerical cognition. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

van der Wel, R. P. R. D, Sebanz, N., Knoblich, G. (2013). Do people automatically track others' beliefs? Evidence from a continuous measure.Cognition.

Quinton, J. C., Volpi, N. C., Barca, L., & Pezzulo, G. (2013). The Cat Is On the Mat. Or Is It a Dog? Dynamic Competition in Perceptual Decision Making. IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics.

Palmer, C.J., Paton, B., Barclay, L., Hohwy, J. (2013). Equality, Efficiency, and Sufficiency: Responding to Multiple Parameters of Distributive Justice During Charitable Distribution. Review of Philosophy and Psychology.

Freeman, J.B. (in press). Abrupt category shifts during real-time person perception. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. [Supplementary material]

Freeman, J.B., Nakayama, K., & Ambady, N. (2013). Finger in flight reveals parallel categorization across multiple social dimensions. Social Cognition.

Freeman, J.B., Ma, Y., Han, S., & Ambady, N. (2013). Influences of culture and visual context on real-time social categorization. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. [Supplementary material]

Tomlinson, J. M., Bailey, T. M., & Bott, L. (2013). Possibly all of that and then some: Scalar implicatures are understood in two steps. Journal of Memory & Language.

Schneider, I. K. (2013). The dynamics of ambivalence: Cognitive, affective, and physical consequences of evaluative conflict.

Tower-Richardi, S.M., Brunyé, T.T., Gagnon, S.A., Mahoney, C.R. & Taylor, H.A. (2012). Abstract spatial concept priming dynamically influences real-world actions. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 361.

Papesh, M.H. & Goldinger, S.D. (2012). Memory in motion: Movement dynamics reveal memory strength. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. doi:10.3758/s13423-012-0281-3

Martens, M.A., Hasinski, A.E., Andridge, R.R., & Cunningham, W.A. (2012). Continuous cognitive dynamics of the evaluation of trustworthiness in Williams syndrome. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 160.

Morett, L.M. & MacWhinney, B. (in press). Syntactic transfer in English-speaking Spanish learners. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.

Barca L., Pezzulo G. (2012). Unfolding Visual Lexical Decision in Time. PLoS ONE 7, e35932.

Wang, Q., Taylor, H.A., & Brunyé, T.T. (2012). When going the right way is hard to do: Distinct phases of action compatibility in spatial knowledge development. Acta Psychologica, 139, 449-457.

Freeman, J.B., Penner, A.M., Saperstein, A., Scheutz, M., & Ambady, N. (2011). Looking the part: Social status cues shape race perception. PLoS ONE, 6, e25107. [HTML]  [Video]

Johnson, K.L., Freeman, J.B., & Pauker, K. (in press). Race is gendered: How covarying phenotypes and stereotypes bias sex categorization.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Yu, Z., Wang, F., Wang, D., & Bastin, M. (in press). Beyond reaction times: Incorporating mouse tracking measures into the Implicit Association Test to examine its underlying process. Social Cognition.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2011). Hand movements reveal the time-course of shape and pigmentation processing in face categorization.Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18, 705-712.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2011). A dynamic interactive theory of person construal. Psychological Review, 118, 247-279.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2011). When two become one: Temporally dynamic integration of the face and voice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 259-263.   [Supplementary materials]

Freeman, J.B., Pauker, K., Apfelbaum, E.P., & Ambady, N. (2010). Continuous dynamics in the real-time perception of race. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 179-185.

Miles, L.K., Betka, E., Pendry, L.F., & Macrae, C.N. (2010). Mapping temporal constructs: Actions reveal that time is a place. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63, 2113–2119.

Freeman, J.B. & Ambady, N. (2009). Motions of the hand expose the partial and parallel activation of stereotypes. Psychological Science, 20,1183-1188.

Freeman, J.B., Ambady, N., Rule, N.O., & Johnson, K.L. (2008). Will a category cue attract you? Motor output reveals dynamic competition across person construal. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 673-690.